Friday, May 16, 2014

India 2014 shows the faults of FPTP

The largest election in the history of the world just finished in India, with a turnout of over 800 million people. The election saw a landslide victory in terms of seats for the Bharatiya Janata Party, which has been criticized as being too far right by America's Republican Party, so that is not a good thng.

I'm analyzing the details of the election by vote count and party share in the Lok Sabha and this is like the most recent elections in Canada and the UK which saw an immense difference between vote share and seat share by party in the election. Here is a basic summary table for the largest winners of the vote and seats:

Party Vote share Seat share Election error (Seat share-Vote Share
BJP (right-wing) 31.3% 51.9% +20.6%
Indian national congress (center-left) (INC) 19.4% 8.1% -10.7%
Bahujan Samaj Party (center-left) (BSP) 4.2% 0 -4.2%
All India Trinamool Congress (center-left) 3.9% 6.3% +2.4%
Samajwadi Party (SP) (center-left) 3.4% 1% -2.4%
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 3.3% 6.8% +3.5%
Communist Party of India (far-left) 3.3% 0.1% -3.2%
Independents 3.0% 0.6% -2.4%

Needless to say it is obvious that India is not doing well with First Past the Post given the extreme swing in vote share and seat share. This is not healthy for democracy and they clearly need to reform their system so that their elections can be more fair. Looking a the previous year at breakdown state by state shows that this huge swing which is almost certainly due to vote splitting goes down to the local constituency level which creates huge imbalances with over 500 seats in the Lok Sabha. The only solution that will guarantee local representation along with proportionality is the single transferable vote.

Official website
2014 Wikipedia
2009 Wikipedia

No comments:

Post a Comment